Explaining One's Self to Others: Reason-Giving in a Social Context

By Margaret L. McLaughlin; Michael J. Cody et al. | Go to book overview

Further, although this chapter focuses on accounts for social failures, this model can be applied more widely. It has already been used to explicate how people form impressions and models of others in social interactions, such as first encounters ( Miller & Read, 1991), as well as to analyze how individuals explain problems in long-term, close relationships ( Read & Collins, 1991). This suggests that fundamental to all of these different tasks, and indeed to much of social interaction, is the creation of coherent mental models of our social worlds.


REFERENCES

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Anderson J. R. ( 1983). The architecture of cognition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Antaki C. ( 1987). Performed and unperformable: A guide to accounts of relationships. In R. Burnett , P. McGhee, & D. Clarke (Eds.), Accounting for relationships: Explanation, representation, and knowledge. London: Methuen.

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Clark H. H. ( 1985). Language use and language users. In G. Lindzey & E. Aronson (Eds.), The Handbook of social psychology (Vol. 2, pp. 179-231). New York: Random House.

Cody M. J., & McLaughlin M. L. ( 1985). Models for the sequential construction of accounting episodes: Situational and interactional constraints on message selection and evaluation. In R. L. Street & J. N. Cappella (Eds.), Sequence and pattern in communicative behavior (pp. 50-69). London: Edward Arnold.

Cody M. J., & McLaughlin M. L. ( 1988). Accounts on trial: Oral arguments in traffic court. In C. Antaki (Ed.), Analyzing everyday explanation: A casebook of methods (pp. 113-126). London: Sage.

Cody M. J., & McLaughlin M. L. ( 1990). Interpersonal accounting. In H. Giles & P. Robinson (Eds.), Handbook of language and social psychology (pp. 227-255). London: Wiley.

Collins A. M., & Loftus E. F. ( 1975). A spreading activation theory of semantic processing. Psychological Review, 82, 407-428.

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Lalljee M., & Abelson R. P. ( 1983). The organization of explanations. In M. Hewstone (Ed.), Attribution theory: Social and functional extensions (pp. 65-80). Oxford, England: Blackwell.

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Mandler J. M., & Johnson N. S. ( 1977). Remembrance of things parsed: Story structure and recall. Cognitive Psychology, 9, 111-151.

Miller L. C., & Read S. J. ( 1991). On the coherence of mental models of persons and relationships: A knowledge structure approach. In G. J. O. Fletcher & F. Fincham (Eds.), Cognition in close relationships (pp. 69-100). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

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