Explaining One's Self to Others: Reason-Giving in a Social Context

By Margaret L. McLaughlin; Michael J. Cody et al. | Go to book overview

tions and description to a detailed analysis of one particular communication strategy -- conveying an excuse.

Excuse-giving is a powerful interpersonal tool, effective in its goals of maintaining bonding. Attribution theory enabled us to understand that the roots of this effectiveness can be traced to the structural properties of excuses and the association between these causal properties and their linkages to affect and to expectancy. Excuses thus can be incorporated within a larger theoretical network involving the rules of phenomenal causality, and this tie with general social psychological theory has fostered our comprehension of both everyday, normal functioning and maladaptive patterns of responding.


REFERENCES

Averill J. A. ( 1983). Studies on anger and aggression. American Psychologist, 38, 1145-1160.

Caprara G. V., Pastorelli T., & Weiner B. ( 1990). A social-cognitive approach to the understanding of at-risk children. Unpublished manuscript, University of Rome, Italy.

Cody M. J., & McLaughlin M. L. ( 1988). Accounts on trial: Oral arguments in traffic court. In C. Antaki (Ed.), Analyzing everyday explanation: A casebook of methods (pp. 113-126). London: Sage.

Cody M. J., & McLaughlin M. L. ( 1990). Introduction. In M. J. Cody & M. L. McLaughlin (Eds.), The psychology of tactical communication (pp. 1-28). Clevedon, England: Multilingual Matters Ltd.

Ekman P. ( 1984). Telling lies. New York: Norton.

Folkes V. S. ( 1982). Communicating the causes of social rejection. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 18, 235-252.

Schonbach P. ( 1980). A category system for account phases. European Journal of Social Psychology, 10, 195-200.

Snyder C. R., & Higgins R. L. ( 1988). Excuses: Their effective role in the negotiation of reality. Psychological Bulletin, 104, 23-35.

Weiner B. ( 1986). An attributional theory of motivation and emotion. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Weiner B., Amirkhan J., Folkes V. S., & Verette J. A. ( 1987). An attributional analysis of excuse giving: Studies of a naive theory of emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 316-324.

Weiner B., Figueroa-Muñoz A., & Kakihara C. ( 1991). The goals of excuses and communication strategies related to causal perceptions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 17, 4-13.

Weiner B., Graham S., & Chandler C. C. ( 1982). Causal antecedents of pity, anger, and guilt. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 8, 226-232.

Weiner B., Graham S., Peter O., & Zmuidinas M. ( 1991). Public confession and forgiveness. Journal of Personality, 59, 281-312.

Weiner B., & Handel S. ( 1985). Anticipated emotional consequences of causal communications and reported communication strategy. Developmental Psychology, 21, 102-107.

Yirmiya N., & Weiner B. ( 1986). Perceptions of controllability and anticipated anger. Cognitive Development, 1, 273-280.

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