The Wyoming Valley
Frederick J. Stefon
The romantic theory of revolution, in which all the lowly unite to rise against the oppressors, is embarrassed by the American Revolution's multiplicity of variously oppressed and exploited peoples who preyed upon each other; what most aggrieved the poor frontiersman was his sovereign's ban on robbing the even poorer Indian, and the first target of the Indian's hatchet was the frontiersman's skull . . . -- Francis Jennings, Empire of Fortune
In the early eighteenth-century prehistoric Indian mounds, the ruins of former Indian settlements, and vibrant new settlements of displaced natives, dotted the North Branch Valley of the Susquehanna River from Shamokin to Tioga. Until 1763 the bustling Indian town of Wyoming was haven to refugees placed there
*I am grateful to the Scholarly Activities Committee of the Wilkes-Barre Campus Faculty Senate for awarding me two small grants from the annual fund to pursue research on Sullivan's March and the Seneca culture at the Genesee Valley Room and the Letchworth Collection at SUNY, Geneseo, New York. My thanks also to Mary Ellen Calemmo, Director of the Lackawanna Historical Society, the staff of the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society, and Head Librarian Joan Diana, retired, and her staff at the Penn State Wilkes-Barre Campus Library for their assistance in this project.