PERSPECTIVES AND ISSUES IN MOTOR BEHAVIOR
Editor's Remarks (Chapters 1 and 2)
In Chapter 1 I develop the basic perspective that understanding movement means not only recognizing the product of skilled behavior--whether a particular goal was achieved accurately and efficiently--but also questioning how it is that such skilled movements are controlled and coordinated. The tools and concepts for the student of motor behavior emerge at several different levels. At the observational/ experimental level we want to understand the key relationships between environment and performer that influence the development of skill. At the biomechanical/kinesiological level we seek to understand the physical basis for movement: how dynamic factors (the forces or torques generated by muscles and their viscoelastic properties) specify the patterning of limb segments in time. At the neurophysiological level we seek insights into the neural structures and their functional interactions that allow motor behavior to emerge. I argue in Chapter 1, that this interdisciplinary enterprise is necessary to fully understand movement processes, and, further, that movement processes--rather than being given secondary or negligible status--are an intrinsic aspect of understanding intelligent behavior.
In Chapter 2 I attempt to provide an inventory--a flavor as it were--of concepts that are expanded upon in later writings. But the chapter is not meant to be a haphazard