Germany's Balanced Development: The Real Wealth of a Nation

By Kaevan Gazdar | Go to book overview

imported Western economic activity, Japan can continue to be an economic superpower and develop a deeper foundation for future wealth.

Thus, Germany's future superiority is by no means inevitable. But to surpass Germany, the United States and Japan would need to organically develop a new Weltanschauung, rather than to mechanistically implement linear strategies. Short-cut solutions will not suffice.

Fifty years after the catastrophic end of the Second World War, Germany is poised toward a normative world role. "Am deutschen Wesen soll die Welt genesen"--literally, the world should be cured of its ills by the German character--was an arrogant postulate of German nationalism till 1945. It paraphrased and misconstrued a verse written by the nineteenth century romantic poet, Emmanuel Geibel: "Und es mag am deutschen Wesen, Einmal noch die Welt genesen," the world could perhaps once be cured by the German character.

Significantly, Geibel perceived German strength as deriving from its "inner middle," not from the outer strength that the nationalists gloried in. He discerned Weltgültigkeit--a normative influence based on Innerlichkeit, the inward orientation that is central to Germany's identity--while the nationalists were in a self-defeating pursuit of Weltgeltung.

The norms of the inner middle will be the foundation of Germany's profound and humane preeminence in a world of sustainable development.


NOTES
1.
John Gimbel, The Origins of the Marshall Plan ( Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1976), see especially Introduction and Conclusion; see also Charles L. Mee Jr., The Marshall Plan ( New York: Simon and Schuster, 1984), pp. 20-25, 34-43, 89-95, and Charles Kindleberger, Marshall Plan Days ( Winchester, MA: Allen & Unwin, 1987), pp. 25-30.
2.
Werner Abelshauser, "Hilfe und Selbsthilfe," in Vierteljahreshefte für Zeitgeschichte, 1989, pp. 85-89; for opposing viewpoints see Knut Borchardt and Christoph Buchheim, "Die Wirkung der Mashallplan-Hilfe in Schlüsselbranchen der deutschen Wirtschaft," in Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte, 1987, pp. 317-348; for statements from the Erhard circle, see various articles in the magazine Währung und Wirtschaft, among others, Ludwig Erhard, "Stabiler Preisstand," 1949-50, pp. 3ff, the editorial "Lügen," 1950, pp. 109-110, "Geschichte und Geschichten vom Marshall- Plan," 1950-51, pp. 93ff, "Das große Einmaleins des Marshall-Plans," 1949, pp. 143ff.
3.
Julius Hirsch, Das amerikanische Wirtschaftswunder ( Berlin: Fischer, 1926), pp. 7-15.
4.
Henry C. Wallich, Mainsprings of the German Revival ( New Haven: Yale University Press, 1955), pp. 20-21, 106-112, 328-334.
5.
Ludwig Erhard, Wohlstand für alle (Düsseldorf: Econ Taschenbuch), p. 157; Hermann Josef Abs, Germany and the Marshall Aid (speech at the 1st Luxembourg- Harvard conference in Luxembourg, 1987).
6.
Andrew Shonfield, Modern Capitalism ( London: Oxford University Press, 1965); see also Alfred Müller-Armack, Wirtschaftsordnung und Wirtschaftspolitik ( Freiburg: Rombach, 1966), p. 89, and Peter Lawrence, Managers and Management in West Germany ( New York: St. Martin's Press, 1980), pp. 12-15.

-218-

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Germany's Balanced Development: The Real Wealth of a Nation
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Figures ix
  • Introduction 1
  • Notes 19
  • Chapter 1- The Mittelstand: Microcosm Of The Germany Economy 23
  • Notes 44
  • Chapter 2- Order and the Business Mentality 47
  • Notes 73
  • Chapter 3- Commitment and the Business Environment 77
  • Notes 104
  • Chapter 4- The Socioeconomic Foundations of Wealth 107
  • Notes 136
  • Chapter 5- The Cultural Roots of Order And Commitment 141
  • Notes 164
  • Chapter 6- The Psychological Roots Of Order and Commitment 167
  • Notes 184
  • Chapter 7- Past Miracles, Present Continuity, Future Consensus 187
  • Notes 218
  • Selected Bibliography 223
  • Index 227
  • About the Author 230
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