AT LAST I get to thank the people and institutions that have made this book possible. Chief among the repositories on whose holdings I have relied are the Georgia Department of Archives and History, the Georgia State Library, and the Emory University Libraries. Others include the Library of Congress, the National Archives, the Boston Athenaeum, the Atlanta Historical Society, and the libraries of Atlanta University, Duke University, the University of Georgia, and Harvard University.
Columbia College provided a scholarship that enabled me to attend the school where I discovered that history could make sense and be fun. The Johns Hopkins University awarded me a National Defense Education Act Fellowship, and Ford Foundation funds paid the costs of my initial research in Georgia. Later, Sarah Lawrence College gave me a reduced teaching load the term I completed the dissertation, and the University of Toronto provided a summer travel fellowship. The University of Maryland's Asian Division took me far from my sources, and left me little time for "my own work;" but kept me a teacher and then let me return to the States to resume research and writing with the assurance that I had a classroom to go back to. Finally, the American Historical Association awarded me an Albert J. Beveridge Research Grant, and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University supplied travel funds, secretarial assistance, and word processing facilities to finish the book.
Completion of a first book provides an appropriate time to acknowledge teachers who contributed even when they had no specific role in its creation. At Columbia, Orest Ranum gave me a wonderful introduction to the study of history, and Walter P. Metzger, David J. Rothman, James P. Shenton, Alden T. Vaughan, and Alan F. Westin opened new vistas. At Johns Hopkins, Charles A. Barker, Alfred D. Chandler, Jr., Robert Forster, and Jack P. Greene nurtured my developing ideas of the discipline of history and of myself as a historian. So did David Herbert Donald, who directed my dissertation and thus helped me craft an earlier version of this work, and Louis C. Galambos, who served as second reader.
Other people, too, shaped my work. From our undergraduate days to a winter in the White Mountains, David Osher and I talked history to the point that I remember wondering where his ideas left off and mine began. Harold C. Livesay, graduate school colleague long ago and department colleague and chairman more recently, wielded wisdom and forceful comments on work in progress. Other historian friends -- particularly J. William Harris and Anastatia Sims -- offered suggestions and encouragement and helped craft the final version.