This chapter consists of two sections written specifically for this book. The first, written by Lieutenant Colonel David R. Tanks, is entitled "Intragovernmental Policy Development" and addresses the interagency system of U.S. policy formulation. The second, "From Issues to Policies: The NATO High Level Task Force," was written by Colonel Arthur W. Bailey and addresses the HLTF internal process and its relationship with arms negotiations. The reader should note the extraordinary Alliance policymaking architecture that was necessary prior to formal presentations in Vienna. Understanding these two processes and their interrelationship with the actual arms negotiations delegations will assist the reader in comprehending the complexity of multilateral arms control.
by David R. Tanks
The U.S. government develops the details of security-related policy positions in interagency groups. While each administration usually stamps the interagency process with its own terminology and organizational structure, the end result is constant: some type of a committee-based hierarchy that develops and shapes U.S. government security policy. The U.S. arms control policy is developed and coordinated within this interagency system. This section will discuss the interagency system as it has been organized in the Bush administration, the strengths and weaknesses of the interagency process, and then it will narrow the focus to examine how CFE positions have developed and what influences sway decisions made in interagency forums.