On Disarmament: The Role of Conventional Arms Control in National Security Strategy

By Ralph A. Hallenbeck; David E. Shaver et al. | Go to book overview

what is required. Much greater military security and stability in Europe would be achieved, and this achievement would unquestionably remove the current most difficult impediment to constructive political, economic, commercial, and other relationships.


NOTES
1.
Phillip A. Karber, "Strategic Significance of the Western Conventional Arms Control Proposal: In the Context of the Gorbachev Unilateral Reductions and the CFE Negotiations in Vienna," Testimony before the Senate Armed Services Committee, April 6, 1989, pp. 1-6.
2.
Phillip A. Karber, NATO-Warsaw Pact Force Levels in a Conventional Arms Control Context, Vol. 2, Atlantic-to-the-Urals Summary, Washington, D.C.: BDM Corporation, August 11, 1989, passim.
3.
"Negotiation on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe: NATO Objectives," in United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA) Arms Control Update, March 1989, No. 12, pp. 4-5; and Phillip A. Karber and John H. Milam, "Conventional Force Reduction in Europe: A Comparison of NATO and WTO CFE Proposals," Presentation before the New Alternatives Workshop: Arms Control and Technology, May 25, 1989, pp. 1-8. The proposed subceiling on Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicles (AIFVs) is intended to cap the number of more sophisticated and lethal turretted fighting vehicles that could be retained as a part of each side's total entitlement to ATCs, which would also include armored personnel carriers. For the United States and others in NATO, the distinction is between our Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs), most of which are of the M113 variety, and AIFVs like the U.S. Bradley fighting vehicle and German Marder. On the Pact side, the BTR is considered an APC, whereas the BMP is considered an AIFV. The 1,200 ceiling on AIFVs would not require NATO to reduce any AIFVs, but the WTO would be required to eliminate roughly half of its current AIFV holdings.
4.
Karber and Milam, "Conventional Force Reductions in Europe," pp. 10-11. The Pact's Armored Fighting Vehicle (AVF) definition appears to be roughly coincident with NATO's definition of Armored Troop Carriers (ATC). The one notable difference appears to be NATO exclusion of armored reconnaissance vehicles.
5.
"Declaration of the Heads of State and Government Participating in the Meeting of the North Atlantic Council in Brussels (May 29-30, 1989)," Press Communiqué M-1 (89) 21, NATO Press Service, May 30, 1989, p. 4.
6.
Briefing by Mr. Thomas Marshall and Dr. Charles Bailey, "CFE: Overview and Status," July 20, 1989, Science Applications International Corporation, 1710 Goodridge Drive, McLean, Virginia 22102.
7.
"Declaration of the Heads of State and Government," pp. 4-5.
8.
Several allied nations, to include especially the FRG, have indicated an intent to take manpower reductions (e.g., Bundeswehr 2000) and were willing to be included in a broader NATO manpower reduction proposal in order to justify these reductions politically.
9.
ACDA Arms Control Update, pp. 4-5; and Karber, NATO-Warsaw Pact Force Levels, p. 9.
10.
Karber and Milam, "Conventional Force Reduction in Europe," p. 14.
11.
Ibid., pp. 15-16.

-106-

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On Disarmament: The Role of Conventional Arms Control in National Security Strategy
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Figures, Maps, and Tables ix
  • Foreword xi
  • 1- Background 1
  • Notes 15
  • 2- Objectives 19
  • Notes 37
  • 3- Procedures 39
  • From Issues to Policies: the Nato High Level Task Force 47
  • From Issues to Policies: the Nato High Level Task Force 50
  • 4- Issues 53
  • Notes 69
  • 5- Definitional Disarmament 71
  • Notes 76
  • 6- Current Cfe Negotiations 79
  • Notes 106
  • 7- Verification 109
  • 8- Current Csbm Negotiations 121
  • Notes 128
  • 9- Future Environment 129
  • Conclusion 138
  • Conclusion 139
  • 10- Alternative Defenses 143
  • Assessing Proposals for Deep Reductions And Defensive Restructuring Following Cfe 154
  • Assessing Proposals for Deep Reductions And Defensive Restructuring Following Cfe 164
  • 11- Risks, Results, and Reflections 167
  • Notes 182
  • Appendix A: Mandate for Negotiation On Conventional Armed Forces in Europe 183
  • Appendix B: Nato Chapter One 189
  • Appendix C: Nato Chapter Two 193
  • Appendix D: Nato Chapter Three 197
  • Appendix E: Western Csbm Proposal 205
  • Glossary 213
  • Bibliography 217
  • Index 223
  • About the Editors and Contributors 227
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