defense to implement this new national security strategy with its associated implementing policies of caution. With the death of containment as national security strategy, we are left with the justification of its implementing military strategy
of forward deployment and associated military resources. In the next chapter we
will explore alternatives to our current defensive posture in Europe.)
Strategic Studies Institute,
U.S. Army War College, How to Think about Conventional Arms Control: A Framework, Carlisle Barracks, Pa.: SSI, October 1, 1988, p. 80.
Hans J. Morganthau, Politics among Nations, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1963,
Kenneth N. Waltz, Theory of International Politics, Reading, Mass.: Addison-
John Gerard Ruggie, "Continuity and Transformation in the World Polity: Toward
a Neorealist Synthesis," in Neorealism and Its Critics, ed. by
Robert O. Keohane, New
York: Columbia University Press, 1986, p. 137.
Hannah Arendt, "What Is Authority?" in Between Past and Future, New York: Viking Press, 1968, p. 93.
French demographer and former president of the UN Commission on Population, Professor Alfred Sauvy, writing in the early 1960s, lamented the political distortion of
the term "Tiers Monde," or Third Estate, which he had first applied to the developing
countries in an article in "L'Observateur", August 14, 1952. See Alfred Sauvy, General
Theory of Population, translated by
Christophe Campos, New York: Basic Books, Inc., 1969, text and footnote, p. 204.
Frank C. Carlucci, Report of the Secretary of Defense Frank C. Carlucci to the
Congress on the FY 1990/FY 1991 Biennial Budget and FY 1990-94 Defense Programs, Department of Defense, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1989, p. 3.See also The New York Times, May 13, 1989, p. 1A, for summary of President Bush's
message of caution.
"Transcript of Bush's Remarks on Transforming Soviet-American Relations," The
New York Times, May 13, 1989, p. 6.
Paul F. Gorman, "Military Instruments of Containment," in Containment: Concept and Policy, Vol. 1, ed. by
Terry L. Deibel and
John Lewis Gaddis, Washington,
D.C.: National Defense University Press, 1986, p. 219.
Arthur Macy Cox, "Mr. Gorbachev's Peaceful-Coexistence Ploy," The New York
Times, June 25, 1988, p. 27. See also
Department of Defense, Soviet Military Power.
An Assessment of the Threat 1988, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1988, p. 19.
Graham Allison, "Success Is within Reach," The New York Times, February 19, 1989, p. E19.
James J. Markham, "The Idea That Democracy Pays Helps Reshape East-West
Ties," The New York Times, September 22, 1988, p. 1E.
Patrick Cockburn, "Third World: Stronger, Bolder," The New York Times, June
20, 1988, p. A19.
David Ignatius and
Michael Getler, "The Great Non-Debate on American Foreign
Policy," The Washington Post, October 23, 1988, p. C1.