"less adequate than spoken language for some purposes of communication but more adequate for others."21 He would agree with Dewey that knowledge and intellectual effort and social import are found in art, however much this must thicken the "aesthetic surface." As it is realized how art and science take off from and come back to common experience, Horace Kallen's point is appreciated, that freedom in art and science is one with the freedom of men.Then it follows that standards in art, instead of being just a matter of private taste, as C. J. Ducasse has maintained ( The Philosophy of Art), or just a question of earlier and later liking, with D. W. Prall,22 are the discriminations of what Dewey calls a "consuming and informed interest."23 True criticism is accordingly the re-education of perception to further the enlarging and liberating effect of art, as focussing the values of life. Pepper, thinking in this direction, has come to say that the aesthetic object must include all that repeated perception adds for a single appreciator, and the consensus of many discriminating perceivers.24 Finally, a word should be said about Thomas Munro's work, not only in The Arts and Their Interrelations, but in editing The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, which correlates the varied aspects of aesthetics in the United States and keeps Americans abreast of what is being done in aesthetics in other countries. VAN METER AMESSUGGESTED READINGS
CROCE BENEDETTO, Aesthetic. Macmillan, 1914.
DEWEY JOHN, Art as Experience. Minton, Balch & Co., 1934.
DUCASSE C. J., The Philosophy of Art. Dial Press, 1929.
GILBERT K. E., and KUHN H., A History of Esthetics. Macmillan Co., 1939.
KALLEN H. M., Art and Freedom. Duell, Sloan & Pearce, 1942.
PARKER DEW. H., The Principles of Aesthetics. 2nd ed. F. S. Crofts & Co., 1946.
____________________
21
Charles Morris, Signs, Language and Behavior, pp. 193-194.
22
D. W. Prall, "A Study in the Theory of Value," University of California Publ. in Philosophy, Vol. III, No. 2.
23
J. Dewey, op. cit., p. 310.
24
S. C. Pepper, "On Professor Jarrett's Questions about the Aesthetic Object," The Journal of philosophy, XLIX, 1952, pp. 639-641.

-47-

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American Philosophy
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Table of Contents vii
  • List of Contributors ix
  • Introduction - Orientation of Thought xi
  • Suggested Readings xviii
  • Part I - Fields and Problems of American Philosophy 1
  • The Philosophy of Science: The Problem of Factual Truth 3
  • Suggested Readings 19
  • Axiology: the Problem Of Human Values 21
  • Suggested Readings 33
  • Aesthetics: the Problem of Art And Beauty 34
  • Suggested Readings 47
  • Ethics: the Problem of Morality 49
  • Suggested Readings 63
  • Semantics: the Problem Of Meaning 64
  • Suggested Readings 82
  • Logic: the Problem of Reasoning 84
  • Suggested Readings 97
  • Metaphysics: the Problems Of Knowledge and Existence 98
  • Suggested Readings 113
  • Philosophy of Religion: The Problem of Faith 114
  • Suggested Readings 127
  • Part II - Sources and Choices of Philosophy 129
  • Transcendentalism 131
  • Suggested Readings 137
  • Idealism 138
  • Suggested Readings 146
  • Thomism 147
  • Suggested Readings 154
  • Personalism 155
  • Suggested Readings 161
  • Pragmatism 162
  • Suggested Readings 171
  • Humanism 172
  • Suggested Readings 182
  • Logical Positivism 183
  • Suggested Readings 191
  • Realism 193
  • Suggested Readings 202
  • Naturalism 203
  • Suggested Readings 210
  • Oriental Philosophy in America 211
  • Part III - American Thinkers 221
  • American Thought: A Chart 223
  • William Penn 227
  • Samuel Johnson 230
  • Jonathan Edwards 233
  • Benjamin Franklin 235
  • Thomas Paine 238
  • Thomas Jefferson 241
  • Benjamin Rush 244
  • William Ellery Channing 247
  • John Caldwell Calhoun 250
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson 253
  • Abraham Lincoln 256
  • Henry David Thoreau 259
  • Walt Whitman 262
  • Robert Green Ingersoll 265
  • Charles Sanders Peirce 268
  • Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. 271
  • John Fiske 274
  • William James 277
  • Ambrose Bierce 280
  • Borden Parker Bowne 283
  • Josiah Royce 285
  • John Dewey 288
  • George Santayana 291
  • Morris Raphael Cohen 294
  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt 297
  • Suggested Readings 300
  • Conclusion 303
  • Index 311
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