Acomplete bibliography of French Canada in the period covered would be a considerable undertaking and would fill a small volume. The number of journals, newspapers, and pamphlets printed in the French province which deal with the events of the period is surprisingly large, and many contain valuable material although often gathered for local or purely antiquarian purposes. There are also many biographical and genealogical studies, reference to some of which is made in the footnotes since they furnish the clue to the personal relationships between Canadian leaders.
In general this book has been written from source material, in manuscript or in print. The most valuable secondary material has proved to be the recent monographs and the articles in the three Canadian historical journals: The Canadian Historical Review, Le Revue D'Histoire de L'Amèrique Francaise, and the Bulletin des Recherches Historiques. Papers read at meetings of the Royal Society of Canada and at the Canadian Historical Association and printed in the volumes of Proceedings are also of great value and have largely replaced the nineteenth-century biographies. No outstanding biographies, founded on a full study of private papers, have as yet appeared for any of the political leaders of Lower Canada, although it is to be hoped that a definitive biography of Papineau will follow the publication of his papers, now being carried on by Mr. Fernand Ouellet, the Assistant Archivist of the Province of Quebec.
The standard histories of the Canadian provinces have been largely based on the Governor's dispatches, which furnish one indispensable source. The original dispatches are in the Public Record Office in London, and, for the period after 1815, often contain interesting comments in the margins, or memoranda following the dispatches, made by the Colonial Secretary or members of his staff. During the period covered all confidential letters from the Governors dealing with provincial affairs, even though addressed to members of the staff with whom