The twelve maps which follow are designed solely to assist comprehension of the text of the book. Map I is an outline map of the Near East, with indications of the areas covered in the following maps. Map II covers most of the Roman Near East, and is intended as a guide to the main sites and most important geographical features, above all mountain-ranges and rivers. Maps III-XII cover the various sub-regions of the Roman Near East, with in some cases smaller or larger degrees of overlap.
While every attempt has been made to represent physical features accurately, the small scale means that inevitably the maps have something of the character of sketch-maps. They should give a useful impression of the relationships between individual sites and their geographical contexts. But they should not be used for reading off precise distances.
Where there are modern place-names which are in general use -- for instance Jerusalem, Tyre or Antioch -- these are used. Otherwise ancient names are given in their Latin form and in capitals. No attempt has been made to indicate the full complexity of changing official titles, for instance those of places which became Roman coloniae. In some of the many instances where places changed their names, both names have been given, where space allows. Where necessary for clarity, and to make it easier to relate the maps to the text, modern names, in simplified form, have been given in lower case.
It should be emphasized that the maps make no attempt to indicate all the known ancient sites, still less to give an impression of overall settlementpatterns, and are designed solely to make it possible to locate, directly or by reference to other places, all the sites and regions mentioned in the text.