The City as a Human Environment

By Duane G. Levine; Arthur C. Upton | Go to book overview
Keep the activity at the staff level by letting the planners do the planning, and delegate as much authority as possible to the level where the knowledge lies.

CONCLUSIONS

Finally, it is our conclusion that both groups--public and private--benefitted greatly from the process described in these pages. Each learned a great deal from the other that will make the future efforts of both parties at achieving improved building energy efficiency more effective. As has been suggested in this chapter, the reasons for improving our building stock and the manner in which we use electricity already exist and will only grow in number and importance over time. NU feels that it has pursued a responsible planning approach to that challenge through this collaborative planning process for building energy efficiency programs and invites others involved in energy policy to follow suit.


NOTES
1.
NECPA, the National Energy Conservation Policy Act of 1979, was a far- reaching piece of legislation that was a reaction to the oil embargo crisis. This law required, among other things, that the U.S. Department of Energy develop regulations requiring states to develop Pesidential Conservation Program plans. This state-mandated program was the first whereby utilities were expressly used as a vehicle to provide energy conservation services for upgrading the energy efficiency of existing residential buildings.
2.
In the residential sector, peak use hours are usually associated with mealtimes before and after the work day. Thus, for example, the aim might be to encourage homemakers to do laundry after 8 P.M., when cooking, dishwashing, and other tasks are completed. A typical residential electric appliance that has been the target of older utility load management programs is the electric water heater. In commercial buildings, the peak hours generally are in the afternoon during the summer and the late morning during the winter. Thus, a primary load management concern in the commercial sector is electric air conditioning use, for example.
3.
If consumers respond consistently based on economic criteria, virtually everyone would use energy-efficient light bulbs, water heater insulation wraps, and other conservaton measures that have been readily available for years. There are a variety of measures such as these that offer pay-backs (returns on investment) in reduced electricity costs in a year or less, and yet sizeable portions of the marketplace have not adopted them in their buildings.
4.
The results of various recent utility market research projects for conservation and load management programs have revealed such broad issues as consumer reasons for considering participation in energy efficiency programs.
5.
Sponsored by the National Science Foundation, Engineering Directorate, Building Systems and Structures; organized by the Center for Architectural Re-

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