Czechoslovakia: Anvil of the Cold War

By John O. Crane; Sylvia E. Crane | Go to book overview

11 Munich (September 1938)

At this precarious turn of events in September, when Czechoslovakia was being threatened on all sides by dismemberment and a deprivation of her defenses, Eduard Beneš hoped that the alliances he had created would hold. French Premier Edouard Daladier repeatedly insisted through his foreign minister, Georges Bonnet, that France would comply with the defensive supports under her alliance with Czechoslovakia. Soviet Foreign Minister Maxim Litvinov in Moscow avowed his intention to honor his pledge to enter militarily if France met her obligations. He had continued to supply Czechoslovakia with bombers flown over hostile Poland and Romania, whose regimes had recently turned sharply to the right.

The Little Entente had admittedly become a "wasting asset," from Whitehall's perspective. Romania was now ruled by Ion Antonescu, fortified by his Iron Guards; Yugoslavia was under the thumb of Milan Stojadinovič; and Hungary was in the grip of fascistic Adm. Miklos Horthy. A Polish foreign ministry official at Bucharest told the British minister, Fahrquahr, that "the Polish government would undoubtedly resist any attempt by the Soviet Government to come to the assistance of Czechoslovakia across Polish [land]... The Polish- Romanian Treaty, and more particularly 'the secret military treaty' was in effect directed against Russia." Fahrquahr told the Foreign Office that the country was

completely unprepared to undertake operations on a large scale... [hence] it would try to remain neutral as long as possible... [Moreover, he observed] the difficult nature of the ground [terrain] in Northern Romania would in all probability cause the Soviet Government to give up any attempt to come to Czechoslovakia's assistance by

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Czechoslovakia: Anvil of the Cold War
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Foreword ix
  • Acknowledgments xiii
  • Introduction xvii
  • Notes xxvi
  • 1- The Independence Movement Commences 1
  • Notes 10
  • 2- Founding of the Legions: Entrapment in Anti- Bolshevik Intervention 11
  • Notes 26
  • 3- The Legions Anabasis To the Sea 30
  • Notes 46
  • 4- Masaryk in America 50
  • Notes 62
  • 5- Drawing the Frontiers 63
  • Notes 70
  • 6- Internal Stabilization 72
  • Notes 84
  • 7- The Beneš Succession: Storm Warnings (1935-38) 85
  • Notes 101
  • 8- The Sudeten Fires Flare (1938) 103
  • Notes 121
  • 9- Summer Turmoil (1938) 124
  • Notes 130
  • 10- The Runciman Mission (summer 1938) 131
  • Notes 148
  • 11- Munich (september 1938) 151
  • Notes 169
  • 12- Aftermath of Munich (1938-41) 172
  • Notes 185
  • 13- War on Two Fronts (1941) 187
  • Notes 202
  • 14- Wartime Conferences And Treaties 205
  • Notes 215
  • 15- The Slovak Uprising: The Government's Return Home 218
  • Notes 232
  • 16- The Government Reconstituted On Home Ground (1945) 235
  • Notes 245
  • 17- Nationalities Transfers And Allied Army Withdrawals (1945) 247
  • Notes 255
  • 18- Democratic Socialization (1945-46) 257
  • Notes 271
  • 19- Cold War Beginnings (1946) 273
  • Notes 287
  • 20- Storm Signals (1947) 290
  • Notes 306
  • 21- The Communist Coup (1947-48) 308
  • Notes 318
  • 22- The Death of Jan Masaryk (1948) 320
  • Notes 332
  • Abbreviations 333
  • Bibliography 335
  • Index 343
  • About the Authors 353
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