At this precarious turn of events in September, when Czechoslovakia was being threatened on all sides by dismemberment and a deprivation of her defenses, Eduard Beneš hoped that the alliances he had created would hold. French Premier Edouard Daladier repeatedly insisted through his foreign minister, Georges Bonnet, that France would comply with the defensive supports under her alliance with Czechoslovakia. Soviet Foreign Minister Maxim Litvinov in Moscow avowed his intention to honor his pledge to enter militarily if France met her obligations. He had continued to supply Czechoslovakia with bombers flown over hostile Poland and Romania, whose regimes had recently turned sharply to the right.
The Little Entente had admittedly become a "wasting asset," from Whitehall's perspective. Romania was now ruled by Ion Antonescu, fortified by his Iron Guards; Yugoslavia was under the thumb of Milan Stojadinovič; and Hungary was in the grip of fascistic Adm. Miklos Horthy. A Polish foreign ministry official at Bucharest told the British minister, Fahrquahr, that "the Polish government would undoubtedly resist any attempt by the Soviet Government to come to the assistance of Czechoslovakia across Polish [land]... The Polish- Romanian Treaty, and more particularly 'the secret military treaty' was in effect directed against Russia." Fahrquahr told the Foreign Office that the country was
completely unprepared to undertake operations on a large scale... [hence] it would try to remain neutral as long as possible... [Moreover, he observed] the difficult nature of the ground [terrain] in Northern Romania would in all probability cause the Soviet Government to give up any attempt to come to Czechoslovakia's assistance by