THE INTERNATIONAL NON-INTERVENTION SYSTEM
One of the most striking features of the present Spanish civil strife has been the evolution, and devolution, of the international accord for non-intervention in Spain, and the observation and patrol system set up in connection therewith.1 The purpose motivating the accord was the desire to prevent Europe from becoming so bound up with and so divided over the ideological aspects of the conflict that the fighting would lead to a general European war. If the devices have not succeeded altogether in stopping the entrance of supplies and men into Spain; if they have glossed over or provided a screen behind which violations of pledged undertakings have occurred; if they have become popular laughing-stock, and have allowed unfortunate Spain to become a military laboratory for the testing of weapons and strategy, they have, nevertheless, been instrumental, along with other things perhaps, in averting an extension of hostilities to other territories.
From the outbreak of the insurrection, men and materials of war of foreign nationality and origin poured into Spain for the benefit of both sides. No accurate estimate of the amount of supplies or of the numbers of foreign soldiers and service hands has been made. Fantastic charges and reports were constantly circulated, and the Italian Foreign Office even went so far as to announce at one time that there were forty thousand Italian troops in Spain.2 No attempt will be____________________