The history of American state and territory capitols is replete with political intrigue, architectural blunderings, frequent destruction by fire, and occasional destruction by war. This history is also, however, a record of the deep and abiding patriotism of the citizens of each state and territory and their respect for and pride in the functions of their governments.
Many of today's capitols were constructed at the end of the nineteenth or beginning of the twentieth century. The architecture of these buildings is clearly informed by the style of the United States Capitol--neoclassical, domed capitols that call to mind ancient democracies. Some states, however, chose contemporary architecture to express their belief in progress. Notable among all the capitols in this regard are the "skyscraper" style capitols of Nebraska and Louisiana, built in the second and third decades of this century. The capitols of Hawaii and New Mexico, completed in the 1960s, are contemporary designs that express the individual history and heritage of those states. But whatever their design, state and territory capitols stand as monuments to the people, to their hard work, and to their belief in the progress of democracy.
Montgomery was chosen as the capital city of Alabama during the 1845- 1846 legislative session. Since becoming a state in 1817, the legislature had