For general information about the strategic background of the war in the West during the summer of 1862, see James L. McDonough, War in Kentucky: From Shiloh to Perryville ( Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1994), 43-102; Steven E. Woodworth , Jefferson Davis and His Generals: The Failure of Confederate Command in the West ( Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1990), 90-136; Charles Champion Gilbert , "Bragg's Invasion of Kentucky," Southern Bivouac n.s., 1 ( June 1885- May 1886): 217-18; and Herman Hattaway and Archer Jones, How the North Won: A Military History of the Civil War ( Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1983), 208. Ezra J. Warner, Generals in Blue: Lives of the Union Commanders ( Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1964), 51-52, provided useful biographical material on Don Carlos Buell. For the same subject, see Stephen D. Engle, "Don Carlos Buell: Military Philosophy and Command Problems in the West," Civil War History 41 ( June 1995): 89-115.
For information on the political context in which these campaigns began, see Leroy P. Graf and Ralph W. Haskins, eds., The Papers of Andrew Johnson, vol. 5, 1861-1862 ( Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1979), 442; Roy P. Basler, ed., The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, vol. 5 ( New Brunswick NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1953), 255-87, 291-97, 300-313, 317-19, 328-38, 436-37; Howard K. Beale , ed., Diary of Gideon Welles, vol. 1 ( New York: Norton, 1960), 70-71, 89-90; and John Niven, ed., "The Salmon P. Chase Papers", vol. 3, Correspondence, 1858- March 1863 ( Kent OH: Kent State University Press, 1996), 244. For the diplomatic context in which the war was taking place that summer, see Howard Jones, Union in Peril (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992), 126-31.
The quote from staff officer Samuel H. Lockett is in an undated fragment of letter to his wife, written ca. June 1862, Samuel H. Lockett Papers, #432, Southern His-