these nurses support is professional unionism. Although they are no longer eligible for membership in the collective bargaining unit, they support the professional association's individualist strategy of credentialism, as well as minimal economic struggle within the workplace (compromising with hospital management as much as possible). Thus, professional unionism represents the individualist goals of middle managers and recognizes their lack thereof.
Finally, 80 percent of the nurses in the high class position interpret professionalism as synonymous with capitalist individualism. Social and economic status can be attained only by those individuals who choose a twofold approach: (1) improving their own human capital through credentialism and compliant behaviors, in concert with the goals of management, and (2) gaining monopoly control over the education and market of the occupation. They view the nature of conflict as that between different occupations, which is fought outside the workplace, in state and federal arenas. Thus, they focus on securing greater occupational turf, power, and profits by pressuring state and federal legislatures.
The collective strategy that reflects this interpretation of professionalism is professionalization: monopoly control over the occupation's expertise, producers of that expertise, and market for that expertise. All nurses in the high class location supported this strategy. Through such an "objective," gatekeeper's strategy, nurses in the high class position conceal and legitimate inequality in their occupation, social and economic superiority for the nursing elite, revealing their own class identification with the powers that be.