Viet-Nam: The First Five Years: An International Symposium

By Richard W. Lindholm | Go to book overview

XVIII. A General Report on Industrial Develop­ ment

NGUYEN PHUC SA120

IN TRYING to achieve a balanced economic development through the wise use of man power and resources, Viet-Nam had to turn to the creation of light industries which were complementary to agriculture and which could cater to the domestic market.

Generally speaking, industries with the most promising prospects were those processing local agricultural or forestry products (wallboard, sugar, paper, bicycle tires) or local mineral products (Vinh-Hao mineral waters, Nong Son coal, glass, cement).

After the country's partition a large number of foreign enterprises, fearing unfavorable political developments or discriminatory measures, desisted from expanding or reinvesting capital. The clarification of the political situation helped to restore confidence both inside the country and abroad, and, with confidence, came a favorable climate for business activities. Besides, President Ngo Dinh Diem had stated as early as 1955 that he would encourage industrialization as a means to achieve economic independence.

However, there were, and still are, certain major obstacles to a satisfactory development of industry. Industrial production, already low before the Indochina war, declined still further because of destruction of equipment and obsolescence. So, with the serious handicap of insufficient investment capital, there has been the twofold problem of rebuilding old industries and creating new ones. Another obstacle, of course, was the loss, after partition of extractive industries (coal) and of the most important processing industries (cotton, cement, glass).

Excessive production costs are another hindrance to Viet-Nam's industrial development. Obsolete equipment, inordinately large commissions to intermediaries, and high costs of services have inflated manufacturing costs. In addition, there is the discrepancy between low productivity and an artificially high standard of living, made possible by the import of vast quantities of consumer goods bought with foreign aid money.

Another obstacle to industrialization is the lack of technical know-how. Not only does Viet-Nam lack bureaus of industrial statistics and technical studies that are well equipped, but also managers, technicians, and supervisory personnel.

Moreover, certain industrial sectors have run into special difficulties arising from: (1) the absence of industrial quality control programs that would help producers by changing the consumers' attitudes toward local

____________________
120
Director of Technical Assistance; translated from the original French by Phan Thu Ngoc.

-241-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Viet-Nam: The First Five Years: An International Symposium
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 374

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.