|Spring 1949:|| Mary Fair Burks, chair of English Department|
at Alabama State College, forms the Women's
Political Council, a civic organization of African
American women in Montgomery, Alabama.
|February 9, 1950:||
Launching his anticommunist witch-hunt,|
Republican senator Joseph R. McCarthy of
Wisconsin, in a Wheeling, West Virginia,
speech, accuses the Truman State Department
of harboring 205 Communist Party members.
|June 1950-July 1953:||
War in Korea. Thousands of African American|
soldiers serve in integrated military units for the
first time in war.
|November 4, 1952:||
Ending twenty years of Democratic rule,|
Dwight D. Eisenhower, Allied supreme
commander in Europe during World War II,
defeats Illinois governor Adlai Stevenson for the
presidency. California Republican senator
Richard M. Nixon is elected vice president.
Blacks in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, boycott|
segregated buses to protest drivers' refusal to
obey the city ordinance permitting first come-
first served bus seating.
|May 4, 1954:|| E.D. Nixon, the first local black candidate for|
elected office in decades, is defeated in the
Democratic primary for Montgomery County
Democratic Executive Committee.