Women's History and Ancient History

By Sarah B. Pomeroy | Go to book overview

matic, and archaeological evidence does enable us to see elite women's lives in more detail, and the contradictions these lives pose to the hegemonic paradigm. Plancia Magna and a significant number of other elite women crossed over into traditionally male roles, public ones, and achieved status and prominence equal to that of many men.


Notes

A version of this paper was read in February 1989 for the North Carolina Society of the Archaeological Institute of America (Chapel Hill), and I thank the audience for many interesting and pertinent suggestions. Thanks are also due to K. J. Rigsby and an anonymous reviewer for many comments that improved the paper.

1.
Many of Plancia Magna's positions and benefactions are referred to by M.-T. Raepsaet-Charlier , Prosopographie des femmes de l'ordre sénatorial ( Ier-IIer siècles) (Louvain: Peeters, 1987), no. 609, pp. 494-95; H. Halfmann, Die Senatoren aus dem östlichen Teil des Imperium Romanum (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1979), no. 31, pp. 128-29; and, briefly, W. Eck, RE, suppl. 14 ( 1974): col. 386, s.v. Plancia Magna. The inscriptions of Perge, including most of the inscriptions mentioning Plancia Magna, have just been surveyed by R. Merkelbach and S. Şahin, "Die publizierten Inschriften von Perge", Epigraphica Anatolica II( 1988): 97-170 (cited below as M&S). Other bibliography is mentioned below. Plancia Magna has also received mention in works on women, as in R. Van Bremen, "Women and Wealth", in Images of Women in Antiquity, ed. A. Cameron and A. Kuhrt ( Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1983), 235. Unless specially indicated, abbreviations used below are the standard ones found in L'année philologique and the second edition of the Oxford Classical Dictionary.
2.
M&S no. 36, pp. 122-23 = AE ( 1958): no. 78 = AE ( 1965): no. 209; M&S no. 37, p. 123, correcting BSA 17 ( 1910-11): no. 31, pp. 245-46; cf. C. P. Jones, "The Plancii of Perge and Diana Planciana", HSCP 80 ( 1976): 233. For the honorary appellation "daughter of the city" see L. Robert, in Laodicée du Lycos: le Nymphée; campagnes 1961-63 ( Quebec and Paris: Presses de l'Université Laval, 1969), 317-27.
3.
A. M. Mansel, "Bericht über Ausgrabungen und Untersuchungen in Pamphylien in den Jahren 1946-1955", Arch. Anz. 71 ( 1956): 120 n. 87 (not in M&S).
4.
J. Inan, "Neue Porträtstatuen aus Perge", in Mélanges Mansel ( Ankara: Türk Tarih Hurumu Basimevi, 1974), 2:648-49 (not in M&S), commenting on a statue of Plancia Magna (illustrated). The two inscriptions naming Plancia Magna as high priestess of the imperial cult were found in excavations of 1968-69 in the area south of Plancia Magna's gate, helping to identify as Plancia Magna the statue found there that has a stylistic date in the Hadrianic period (it closely resembles a

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