Gettysburg--Culp's Hill and Cemetery Hill

By Harry W. Pfanz | Go to book overview

19
3 JULY, MOSTLY AFTERNOON

In the late morning, after his last attack, General Johnson ordered his brigades back from their forward positions on Culp's Hill to the low marshy ground along the west bank of Rock Creek. A soldier of the 37th Virginia Regiment returning from the rear found them there, "sheltered behind rocks, trees or anything that would protect them." There they waited behind their skirmish lines until darkness, when they could recross the creek free from the harassment of the men in blue on the hill above them. A Marylander jotted in his diary, "At the foot of the hill, along whose crest lie so many of our dead, we sleep--poor, worn out, powder stained soldiers, our guns grasped that we may be ready to rise at a moment's notice." 1

Colonel Nadenbousch and the 2d Virginia. Regiment returned from the skirmishing on the Confederate left and rejoined the Stonewall Brigade. There were company roll calls, and when the sergeant major tallied up the companies' reports, he discovered that one man had been killed, sixteen had been wounded, and three were missing. Nadenbousch should have rejoiced at these figures, for his regiment's casualties were only a third of those of the other regiments of the brigade. The dead soldier, sad to say, was Pvt. John Wesley Culp. 2

There had been some late morning action on Geary's front apart from the usual skirmishing. After repulsing the third Confederate assault, Geary attempted to push his picket line forward, perhaps to Rock Creek. In the works, he replaced the 122d New York of Shaler's brigade with the 82d Pennsylvania Regiment. In addition, at Geary's request, Shaler ordered five companies of the 23d Pennsylvania into the works as well. The Con-

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Gettysburg--Culp's Hill and Cemetery Hill
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page ii
  • Contents vii
  • Maps ix
  • Illustrations xi
  • Preface xv
  • Acknowledgments xvii
  • 1 - The Generals and Their Armies 1
  • 2 - The Only Position 15
  • 3 - Ewell and Howard Collide 31
  • 4 - Retreat to Cemetery Hill 45
  • 5 - The Rebels Take the Town 59
  • 6 - Ewell Hesitates 71
  • 7 - Slocum and Hancock Reach the Field 88
  • 8 - Getting Ready for the Fight 106
  • 9 - Skirmishers, Sharpshooters, and Civilians 129
  • 10 - Brinkerhoff's Ridge 153
  • 11 - The Artillery, 2 July 168
  • 12 - Blunder on the Right 190
  • 13 - Johnson Attacks! 205
  • 14 - Early Attacks Cemetery Hill 235
  • 15 - Cemetery Hill- the Repulse 263
  • 16 - Culp's Hill- Johnson's Assault, 3 July 284
  • 17 - The Last Attacks 310
  • 18 - Counterattacks near Spangler's Spring 328
  • 19 - 3 July, Mostly Afternoon 353
  • 20 - Epilogue 365
  • Appendix A - Spangler's Spring 377
  • Appendix B - Two Controversies 379
  • Appendix C - Order of Battle: Army of the Potomac and Army of Northern Virginia, 1-3 July 1863 383
  • Notes 407
  • Bibliography 471
  • Index 489
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