Writing a book can be many things, not all of them pleasant, but one of the pleasantest tasks must be the writing of a preface thanking those who have helped bring the book to fruition. This book evolved from a dissertation completed in 1979 under Arno J. Mayer in the Department of History at Princeton University. I would like to begin by thanking him for challenging me to develop the material in the dissertation into a real case study of science in German modernization. That was the idea with which I began the research for the dissertation, but it was really not until after rethinking the completed dissertation that I convinced myself that this model of modernization actually makes sense. I hope that the following arguments will convince my readers as well. Others whose suggestions or critiques have substantially contributed to this book in various ways include the other members of my dissertation committee, Charles C. Gillispie, John Servos, David Abraham, and Arnold Thackray; Mark Adams; Bernhard vom Brocke; Lothar Burchardt; David Cahan; Elisabeth Crawford; Gerald Feldman; John Heilbron; Konrad Jarausch; Robert Kohler; Peter Lundgreen; Charles McClelland; Larry Owens; Manfred Rasch; R. Steven Turner; and Jürgen Wilhelm. I am, of course, solely responsible for whatever errors remain.
I received support to complete the research for this book from the German Academic Exchange Service, the Research Foundation of the State University of New York, and the International Research and Exchanges Board (IREX) in cooperation with the government of the German Democratic Republic and with funds provided by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the United States Information Agency. None of these organizations is responsible for the views expressed here. I am grateful to the staffs of the many libraries and archives listed in my bibliography, as well as the following not listed, for their generous assistance in providing me access to sources and furnishing me with copies of documents or illustrative materials: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Chemische Gesellschaft