Western Enterprise in Far Eastern Economic Development: China and Japan

By G. C. Allen; Audrey G. Donnithorne | Go to book overview

APPENDIX B FOREIGN INVESTMENTS IN CHINA1

1. ESTIMATED TOTAL FOREIGN INVESTMENT (in million U.S. dollars)
BusinessChinese Government
YearInvestment*ObligationsTotal
1902 503 285 788
1914 1,084 526 1,610
1931 2,532 711 3,243
*i.e. 'direct business investments in the legal possession of foreign business men
and corporations, including investments in the "concession" railways'.

2. DISTRIBUTION OF INVESTMENTS BY CREDITOR COUNTRIES (as percentage of total)
1902 1914 1931
Great Britain 33·0 37·7 36·7*
Japan 0·1 13·6 35·1*
Russia 31·3 16·7 8·4
United States 2·5 3·1 6·1
France 11·6 10·7 5·9
Germany 20·9 16·4 2·7
Others 0·6 1·8 5·1
-------- -------- --------
100·0 100·0 100·0
-------- -------- --------
*In 1931 British investments in China represented between 5 and 6 per cent of the total outstanding British overseas investment; over 80 per cent of Japan's foreign investments were in China.

3. DISTRIBUTION OF INVESTMENTS BY PURPOSE OR TYPE OF UNDERTAKING (as percentage of total)
1914 1931
General Government Purposes 20·5 13·2
Transport 33·0 26·1
Communications and Public Utilities 1·7 4·0
Mining 3·7 4·0
Manufacturing 6·9 11·6
Banking and Finance 0·4 6·6
Rest Estate 6·5 10·5
Mercantile Investments (including stocks) 8·8 14·9
Other and Undistributed 18·5 9·1
-------- --------
100·0 100·0
-------- --------
____________________
1
The figures in these tables have been taken from C. F. Remer, Foreign Investments in China. They are intended to cover 'the total of the income-producing holdings in China which are in the hands of foreigners, whether the foreign owners live in China or outside of China'. Hongkong is excluded. See ibid., pp. 62-3.

-262-

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