Western Enterprise in Far Eastern Economic Development: China and Japan

By G. C. Allen; Audrey G. Donnithorne | Go to book overview

APPENDIX C FOREIGN INVESTMENTS IN JAPAN1 (In million yen--at gold parity)
Year
end
Govt.
Loans
Issued
Abroad
Govt.
Domestic
Loans Sold
Abroad
Local
Govt.
Loans
Issued
Abroad
Debentures
Issued
Abroad
Foreign
Holdings
of Domes-
tic Company
Issues
Total
1894 2 -- 0 0 -- 2
1897 0 43 0 0 -- 43
1903 98 93 4 0 -- 195
1913 1,525 75 177 167 26 1,970
1919 1,311 63 147 165 25 1,711
1923 1,321 7 130 133 22 1,613
1930 1,567 84 245 456 114 2,466
1932 1,398 51 236 468 (114) 2,267
____________________
1
Amount outstanding at year end. These figures exclude foreign-owned liquid balances and direct investments by foreigners in Japan. The value of the latter was estimated at 40 million yen for 1904, 70 million yen for 1913 and 245 million yen for 1929; 245 million yen was also suggested as the value of direct investments for 1932. These estimates for direct investments are subject to a wide margin of error; but the order of magnitude may be taken as correct. The figures make no allowance for the purchase by Japanese nationals of Japanese bonds issued abroad; it is believed that in the early thirties one-third of the total may have been in Japanese ownership. Other estimates give the total British investment in Japan in 1930 at about £63 million and the total American investment at about £92 million; i.e. about 1,500 million yen. At the outbreak of the Second World War, British investments in Japan (other than direct investments) were estimated at about £50 million.

Sources: J. Inouye, op. cit., p. 229; Oriental Economist, op. cit., p. 696; E. B. Schumpeter, op. cit., pp. 918-25; Mitsubishi Economic Research Bureau, op. cit., pp. 82-4; F. V. Field, Economic Handbook of the Pacific Area, pp. 358-60; H. G. Moulton, op. cit., pp. 524-5.

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