throughout the executive branches of the government, throughout the Congress, and not least, throughout the nation-a realization of the growing importance of Africa to the future of the United States and the free world and of the necessity of assigning the highest priority to our relations with that area.
The events of July 14, 1958, marked a turning point in the struggle between the forces of imperialistic communism and the forces of freedom: on that date the President of the United States ordered American troops into Lebanon.
The President had the constitutional power to do what he did. He moved American forces into Lebanon at the request of a constitutionally elected President with the unanimous approval of the cabinet of that country. He sent troops there for two purposes: one, to strengthen that government in its efforts to resist forces within the country which were stimulated and materially assisted by forces outside the country to overthrow the duly elected government; and, two, to protect the 2,500 Americans who were living in Lebanon.
The legal basis for his action is clear. But we are not concerned here simply with its legality. We are concerned with the merits. What are the prospects for the future? Was the judgment of the President of the United States, and of those of his advisers who supported his judgment, correct?
At the outset we must recognize that this was a terribly difficult decision. The situation was not black or white. As is usually the case in considering difficult problems in the international____________________