The faith of the Americas lies in the spirit. The system, the sisterhood, of the Americas is impregnable so long as her nations maintain that spirit.
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT, 1936
T HE DECADE FOLLOWING the Havana and Washington conferences, and particularly after 1933, was marked by the most significant developments in the history of the Pan American movement up to that time. Not only were extremely important agreements adopted providing for innovations in the procedures of peaceful settlement and the extension of security to include overseas threats, but, equally important, the psychological bases of inter-American cooperation were greatly strengthened) Long-standing fears, suspicions, and distrust of the motives of the dominant member of the inter-American system had obscured the view of the twenty other members concerning the true mutuality of continental interests. Because of the United States' interventionism and imperialism it was really expecting too much of weak and backward states, excessively sensitive of their national sovereignties, to subscribe to the security principle "all for one, one for all." Yet, this became a reality by the end of the decade after the atmosphere had been cleared by the enunciation of the Good Neighbor policy, the essence of which was United States recognition, by word and action, of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Western Hemisphere nations. Then the American states, for the first time, were able to see their mutual interests clearly.)
Enanciation of the policy of the Good Neighbor. The debates at Havana in 1928 had made it more apparent than ever that the incompatibilities latent in United States--Latin-American relations could never be resolved except by a reorientation of policy. This being the case, that conference served the dual purpose of reinforcing a conviction and stimulating a decision. The United States had become convinced that it was no longer necessary to premise its Latin-American