THE GREAT OBJECTIVES OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION
"But whatever may be the judgment pronounced on the competency of the architects of the Constitution, or whatever may be the destiny of the edifice prepared by them, I feel it a duty to express my profound and solemn conviction, derived from my intimate opportunity of observing and appreciating the views of the Convention, collectively and individually, that there never was an assembly of men, charged with a great and arduous task, who were more pure in their motives, or more exclusively or anxiously devoted to the object committed to them."--JAMES MADISON.
IN our consideration of the historic background of the problem of bureaucracy, it is also important to consider, even though briefly and inadequately, the great purposes, which the Framers of the Constitution had in mind in the creation of the new government. Upon this point there is great and general misunderstanding, due largely to the fact that the average man derives his conception of the Constitution from the legal profession.
To the lawyer the Constitution has the finality of a religious revelation and its text the same literal authority. It is assumed that the Constitution has come to us as the Tables of the Law were handed, by divine inspiration, to Moses, and that the Constitution carried out with literal accuracy the wishes of the great Convention, which framed it. Apart from the influence of this filio-pietistic attitude of the Bar, the fact that the records of the Constitutional Convention were, except in fragments, unknown for nearly fifty years after the adjournment of the Convention, caused, during that time, an attitude of almost unreasoning belief in the omniscience of the Convention. It was only when James Madison died in 1836, and his daily record of the deliberations of the Convention was discovered among his papers, that the American people began to realize that the Constitution was but a composite, and, indeed, a compromise of the conflicting ideas of the members of the Convention, and that none of