The concluding paragraphs of Part I set the stage for our look at the continuing cultural changes in America in the later 1960s and early 1970s, as well as at new forces in technology and the increasing influence of consumerism. The War on Poverty and the Vietnam War greatly enlarged the role of government in the lives of the American people, and controversies surrounding them produced social turmoil. The civil rights revolution made it clear that domestic tranquility could not be restored apart from equal treatment of all citizens. Demands for change constantly tested the traditions and practices of families, schools, churches and organizations of all kinds. By the middle of the 1970s, the nation the United States had been in the 1950s had been permanently transformed.