As I have discussed, frequently problems that may be related to Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder are often first recognized in the school by teachers, guidance counselors, or psychologists who call the parents' attention to these problems. In some instances--particularly in these days when knowledge of ADHD has spread widely--parents themselves begin to suspect their child has behavioral problems beyond the normal range. I wish to emphasize again that, in either case, in order to determine the probable cause of the child's difficulties, parents must consult a physician who is knowledgeable about the entire range of children's physical and emotional problems, including ADHD. A thorough diagnostic evaluation is essential before beginning any treatment plan.
The following kinds of physicians are most likely to be acquainted with the problems of ADHD: child psychiatrists, pediatricians, and pediatric neurologists. What are their backgrounds? All physicians attend four years of medical school, have one year of postgraduate general medical training (internship), and then receive additional training in their spe