increase in litigation. This conclusion is drawn from the idea that with the greater number of testing policy restrictions on civil liberties that exist, or may come to exist, come greater opportunities for challenge by employees and civil liberty activists.
Further research needs to explore the influence of collective bargaining upon drug testing policies and processes by which drug testing policies are formulated as well as comparison with alcohol testing. Finally, although a hotly debated issue, it is concluded that the evolution of drug testing policies and programs is more frequently determined by the political and moral perceptions of congressional and bureaucratic policymakers rather than directives from the judicial system.
T. ZANE REEVES
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DUAL-CAREER COUPLES. A situation in which two adults both pursue a career and maintain a family life. These arrangements include unmarried, as well as the more traditional married, partnerships, and they encompass both heterosexual and homosexual relationships. They are distinguished from a variety of other types of situations -- single wage earner, single parent, and dualearner arrangements -- in that the two individuals who are involved in a family relationship simultaneously pursue their own professional careers.
Dual-career couples are a fairly recent phenomenon in contemporary society; however, their size and importance have grown steadily throughout the second half of the twentieth century. There are three main reasons for the rise of dual-career couples in the modern workforce. First, there is the obvious economic stimulant. Two adults can earn more money and attain a higher total family income