International Encyclopedia of Public Policy and Administration - Vol. 2

By Jay M. Shafritz | Go to book overview

Six Program Goals
The goals, objectives, and activities central to the pursuit of the mission of the Independent Sector are concentrated in the following six program areas:
1. Public Information and Education: to achieve increased public awareness of this sector and of giving and volunteering, while promoting active citizenship and community service.
2. Government Relations: to develop and maintain effective relationships with government, based on mutual respect and support for each other's roles, coupled with a commitment to realistic independence from one another. This relationship includes protection of the freedoms that allow new causes to be created and a reversal in the trend toward greater government restrictions on nonprofit initiatives.
3. Research: to develop an identifiable and growing research effort that produces the body of knowledge necessary to define, chart, and understand this sector and the ways it can be of greatest service to society.
4. Give Five: to increase support for the pubic services of voluntary organizations by helping Americans understand and move toward the national standard of giving-5 percent of income and 5 hours per week to the causes of their choice.
5. Leadership and Management, Including Values and Ethics: to enhance the capacity of the not-for-profit sector; to achieve excellence in leadership and management of philanthropic and voluntary organizations.
6. The Meeting Ground: to create and maintain a significant sense of community among the organizations of the nonprofit sector; to provide a "meeting ground" for cooperation and learning.

The Independent Sector has available special publications, research surveys, public statements, information on government relations, and periodicals that are a source of information about philanthropic and voluntary activity. Its dues structure seeks to achieve a balance between encouraging participation of the maximum number of qualifying groups and providing the essential core support for the organization.

Since its founding in 1980, the Independent Sector has established itself as a significant vehicle for strengthening voluntary initiatives. It has taken special measures to strengthen university educational programs in nonprofit management by assisting educators to integrate both nonprofit management issues and the philanthropic experience into the curriculum. It has sponsored major research conferences to gather and disseminate major findings about the sector. The Independent Sector coalition has addressed major legislative and regulatory challenges to its mission and has placed substantial emphasis on accountability and performance standards for nonprofit organizations. It has worked with Congress and the media, educating both about the sector and its important role in society. It has placed special emphasis on and has created programs and materials directed at recruiting, developing, and retaining talented staff and trustees in the nonprofit world. Through its mission and members, the Independent Sector intends to preserve independence for voluntarism and philanthropy so that people can have greater influence on their own destinies and communities.

RICHARD D. HEIMOVICS


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Independent Sector, 1994. Annual Report of the Independent Sector. Washington, DC: Independent Sector.

INDEXING. The process whereby governmental programs and revenues are adjusted for changes in a selected social or economic indicator-quite often a consumer price index (CPI).

As with so many social science concepts, indexing possesses numerous connotations that can be quite broad or rather specific. Indexing and indexation, in their broadest sense, refer to the process or the end product by which index numbers and composite indexes are created to describe a phenomenon and the possible changes in that phenomenon across time and space. Many of the leading economic indications found in financial newspapers are primary examples of indexes constructed to measure certain types of economic activity and to gauge the changes in the economic activity from one designated point in time to another. Standard and Poor's 500, the Dow Jones Composite, and Lehman brothers Long-Term Treasury Bond Index are three of many.

An index may be as simple as the use of a murder rate to signify the degree of serious crime or as complex as a composite index of various indicators to describe the level of urban decay (poverty rate, age of housing and infrastructure, etc.). Indexes are quantitative; however, many are rather subjective, based on different opinions as to what constitutes serious crime or urban decay, for example.

The primary purpose of indexing is descriptive. In terms of indexes' purported objectivity, however, they serve to inform private and public choices when it comes to investment decisions, collective bargaining, federal urban assistance, and so on. For government, indexing serves as a basis for calculating what benefit increases individual citizens may receive in a given year. The most famous type of governmental indexation is found in the efforts of governments to index their programs for inflation. This specific connotation of indexing has received the most attention of political scientists and policy analysts. It serves as the basis of R. Kent Weaver ( 1988) definitive study of the politics of indexation and the as

-1110-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
International Encyclopedia of Public Policy and Administration - Vol. 2
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Editorial Board *
  • Title Page *
  • D 627
  • Bibliography 627
  • Bibliography 630
  • Bibliography 631
  • Bibliography 633
  • Bibliography 635
  • Bibliography 635
  • Bibliography 639
  • Bibliography 643
  • Bibliography 645
  • Bibliography 647
  • Bibliography 651
  • Bibliography 654
  • Bibliography 656
  • Bibliography 662
  • Bibliography 665
  • Bibliography 666
  • Bibliography 669
  • Bibliography 674
  • Bibliography 676
  • Bibliography 677
  • Bibliography 679
  • Bibliography 682
  • Bibliography 684
  • Bibliography 684
  • Bibliography 687
  • Bibliography 689
  • Bibliography 690
  • Bibliography 692
  • Bibliography 694
  • Bibliography 695
  • Bibliography 700
  • Bibliography 701
  • Bibliography 704
  • Bibliography 706
  • Bibliography 706
  • Bibliography 707
  • Bibliography 708
  • Bibliography 711
  • Bibliography 714
  • Bibliography 720
  • Bibliography 723
  • Bibliography 728
  • Bibliography 728
  • E 729
  • Bibliography 730
  • Bibliography 734
  • Bibliography 736
  • Bibliography 738
  • Bibliography 741
  • Bibliography 745
  • Bibliography 746
  • Bibliography 747
  • Bibliography 752
  • Bibliography 753
  • Bibliography 756
  • Bibliography 763
  • Bibliography 764
  • Bibliography 768
  • Bibliography 772
  • Bibliography 773
  • Bibliography 777
  • Bibliography 785
  • Bibliography 789
  • Bibliography 790
  • Bibliography 793
  • Bibliography 795
  • Bibliography 802
  • Bibliography 803
  • Bibliography 806
  • Bibliography 808
  • Bibliography 818
  • Bibliography 822
  • Bibliography 824
  • Bibliography 825
  • Bibliography 827
  • Bibliography 832
  • Bibliography 837
  • Bibliography 841
  • Bibliography 844
  • Bibliography 852
  • F 853
  • Bibliography 854
  • Bibliography 857
  • Bibliography 861
  • Bibliography 862
  • Bibliography 865
  • References 875
  • Bibliography 881
  • Bibliography 883
  • Bibliography 884
  • Bibliography 887
  • Bibliography 891
  • Bibliography 895
  • Bibliography 898
  • Bibliography 901
  • Bibliography 905
  • Bibliography 906
  • Bibliography 913
  • Bibliography 914
  • Bibliography 915
  • Bibliography 917
  • Bibliography 921
  • Bibliography 922
  • Bibliography 923
  • Bibliography 927
  • Bibliography 928
  • Bibliography 935
  • Bibliography 938
  • Bibliography 941
  • Bibliography 944
  • Bibliography 945
  • Bibliography 947
  • Bibliography 949
  • Bibliography 950
  • Bibliography 952
  • Bibliography 957
  • Bibliography 960
  • G 961
  • Bibliography 962
  • Bibliography 964
  • Bibliography 968
  • Bibliography 972
  • Bibliography 973
  • Bibliography 979
  • Bibliography 982
  • Bibliography 983
  • Bibliography 984
  • Bibliography 989
  • Bibliography 990
  • Bibliography 993
  • Bibliography 996
  • Bibliography 998
  • Bibliography 1002
  • Bibliography 1006
  • Bibliography 1007
  • Bibliography 1010
  • Bibliography 1014
  • Bibliography 1017
  • Bibliography 1018
  • Bibliography 1019
  • Bibliography 1023
  • Bibliography 1025
  • Bibliography 1030
  • Bibliography 1031
  • Bibliography 1035
  • H 1037
  • Bibliography 1039
  • Bibliograhy 1042
  • Bibliography 1046
  • Bibliography 1053
  • Bibliography 1058
  • Bibliography 1059
  • Bibliography 1061
  • Bibliography 1065
  • Bibliography 1069
  • Bibliography 1071
  • Bibliography 1072
  • Bibliography 1077
  • Bibliography 1078
  • Bibliography 1080
  • Bibliography 1080
  • Bibliography 1082
  • I 1083
  • Bibliography 1086
  • Bibliography 1087
  • Bibliography 1091
  • Bibliography 1093
  • Bibliography 1097
  • Bibliography 1098
  • Bibliography 1100
  • Bibliography 1101
  • Bibliography 1105
  • Bibliography 1109
  • Bibliography 1110
  • Bibliography 1115
  • Bibliography 1120
  • Bibliography 1126
  • Bibliography 1129
  • Bibliography 1130
  • Bibliography 1133
  • Bibliography 1136
  • Bibliography 1138
  • Bibliography 1139
  • Bibliography 1141
  • Bibliography 1144
  • Bibliography 1145
  • Bibliography 1151
  • Bibliography 1154
  • Bibliography 1156
  • Bibliography 1159
  • Bibliography 1161
  • Bibliography 1167
  • Bibliography 1181
  • Bibliography 1191
  • Bibliography 1196
  • Bibliography 1198
  • Bibliography 1200
  • Bibliography 1201
  • J 1207
  • Bibliography 1210
  • Bibliography 1210
  • Bibliography 1219
  • Bibliography 1220
  • Bibliography 1222
  • Bibliography 1224
  • Bibliography 1224
  • Bibliography 1228
  • Bibliography 1233
  • Bibliography 1236
  • Bibliography 1238
  • K 1239
  • Bibliography 1240
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 1240

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.