. . . there must be genuine democracy in approaching problems of the human soul and access to raw materials.
Henry A. Wallace to William F. Riley September 30, 1941*
World War II ended the depression in America, but the ending was hardly happy at the outset. When Henry Wallace entered the Vice Presidency in January, 1941, German and Japanese domination of most of Europe and Asia offered the grim prospect of a barbaric new order committed to a world of force without law and without justice. The war crisis led Roosevelt to give Wallace powers and responsibilities well beyond the usual ceremonial role of the Vice President -- new authority as chairman of the Board of Economic Warfare, member of the War Production Board and other important agencies, and the President's special emissary on missions to Latin America and China.
Yet, Wallace's most important wartime role was to serve as the leading spokesman for a revived and confident socialliberal movement. Opposed to both Adolf Hitler's New Order and Henry Luce's American Century, social liberals developed