During the past year or so, the significance of peace has been increased immeasurably by the atom bomb, guided missiles and airplanes which soon will travel as fast as sound. Make no mistake about it-another war will hurt the United States many times as much as the last war. We cannot rest in the assurance that we invented the atom bomb-and therefore that this agent of destruction will work best for us. He who trusts in the atom bomb will sooner or later perish by the atom bomb-or something worse. . . . I plead for an America vigorously dedicated to peace-just as I plead for opportunities for the next generation throughout the world to enjoy the abundance which now, more than ever before, is the birthright of man.
Henry A. Wallace Madison Square Garden Speech September 12, 1946*
It had been an almost trite assumption among social liberals during the war that America could not move right while the rest of the world was moving left without a great explosion. Yet it had happened, and the fragile liberal-labor alliance nurtured by the war had proved powerless to stop it. Seeking to bring the Soviet Union into the community of nations and