THE DEBT OF COLLECTIVISM TO BENTHAMISM
THE patent opposition between the individualistic liberalism of 1830 and the democratic socialism of 1905 conceals the heavy debt owed by English collectivists to the utilitarian reformers. From Benthamism the socialists of to-day have inherited a legislative dogma, a legislative instrument, and a legislative tendency.
The dogma is the celebrated principle of utility.
"This principle of utility," he said, "is a dangerous principle." On this dictum Bentham has thus commented: --
"Saying so, he [ Wedderburn] said that which, to "a certain extent, is strictly true; a principle which "lays down, as the only right and justifiable end "of Government, the greatest happiness of the "greatest number--how can it be denied to be a