by P. T. ELLSWORTH
If one imagined the state of Texas stretched out into a ribbon of land approximately 100 miles in width, about as long as the United States is broad, he would have a fair idea of the shape of Chile. If he then conceived it as divided into three zones of nearly equal length, the northernmost a torrid, barren desert, the central zone closely resembling our Pacific Coast, and the southern zone a replica of the coastal area of British Columbia and southern Alaska, he would have a reasonably accurate knowledge of its topography and climate. To complete the picture, it would be necessary merely to regard this strip of land as the sea-washed shelf of an unbroken chain of towering mountains.
Almost all of Chile's fertile land, industry, and population are located in the central third of the country. The northern desert supports only 11 per cent of the total population of about 5 millions, while the extreme south, a region of heavy forests and almost continuous rain, accounts for but 2 per cent. The country's mountainous character--in addition to the wall of the Andes, there is a coastal range which drops into the sea where the forest regions begin--severely limits its agricultural possibilities, only 7.5 per cent of the total area consisting of arable land.1
In spite of the limitations imposed by topography and climate, Chile contains rich resources. In the barren desert are located the two principal foundations of its export trade--the great natural nitrate deposits, and the bulk of its large copper reserves. The forests of the south comprise an as yet scarcely tapped resource of varied____________________