FROM 1775 TO 1920
In 1660, Parliament passed laws forbidding the shipment of certain goods of the growth or manufacture of any English plantation in America, Asia, or Africa to any place except another plantation of His Majesty or to England, under penalty of forfeiture of the goods shipped and the ship importing them.1 In 1663, it was provided that no goods of the growth or manufacture of Europe should be imported into the colonies of America except from English ports.2 These laws, among others, resulted in an extensive smuggling trade by some of the colonists.
During the eighteenth century, much smuggling was carried on along the Connecticut coast. Incoming vessels from foreign ports would anchor off Fisher's Island, send their illicit cargoes ashore, and then sail to New London or other ports with their manifested cargoes; while later, the contraband would be run in in small craft, as opportunity afforded. As in England, the smugglers frequently had the support of the community.____________________