Yugoslavia-- The Bosnian Civil War
One of the first challenges to the newly independent Republic of Bosnia- Herzegovina was an explosion of civil war. The war threatened the well-being, even the survival, of the new state, absorbing most of its attention, resources, and energy.
At the root of the conflict, though by no means the main cause of it, was the anti-Muslim nationalism of the republic's Serb minority exacerbated by its move to independence, which left Serbs under the leadership of a Muslim- dominated central government in Sarajevo. Cut off administratively from the federation government in Belgrade and the Yugoslav Republic of Serbia, the Bosnian Serbs were fearful of the future. Christian Serb prejudices toward Muslim Slavs persisted for centuries, long after the two groups had learned to coexist peacefully with each other.
Serbs in Bosnia, as well as in the Republic of Serbia and other parts of Yugoslavia, pointed to the Muslim Turkish conquest of Bosnia-Herzegovina's Slavic people in the late fourteenth century, which ended with the establishment of Sarajevo as a predominantly Muslim city. In that period, when many Slavic