performance. That assumption is shown to be partially incorrect empirically. RPE Curve1 is less strongly associated with government spending and more strongly associated with gross domestic investment and economic growth than the raw version of relative political extraction. This is achieved at a slightly higher "cost" in government consumption. RPE Curve2 is free of that tradeoff. The more restricted optimal range of extraction represented by this variable shows dramatically lower associations with the variables representing the "predatory" dimension of state power and much more shared variance with the economic performance variables representing the "wealth-maximizing" theory of state.