More Indian Removals
AS INDICATED in the preceding chapter, the Cherokee was the first of the Five Civilized Tribes to make a treaty for removal west of the Mississippi. Between the time of this first removal treaty, made in 1817, and the final migration to the West of the eastern branch of the tribe in 1838, treaties had been made with the rest of the Five Civilized Tribes. In these treaties the remaining tribes had given up their lands in the East and had agreed to settle in the West; by the last named date nearly all of them had removed to Oklahoma. Since the story of these treaties and of the way in which they were carried out does not differ materially from that of the Cherokee removal, it can be given in comparatively brief fashion.
The Creeks, numbering perhaps eighteen to twenty thousand people, occupied a large tract of fertile land in Georgia and Alabama. Both states were as eager to be rid of the Creeks as Georgia had been to drive out the Cherokees; the methods employed were essentially the same. The Creeks, by the time of the Georgia Compact of 1802, had already teamed much of the white man's civilization and way of life. Not a few of them were farmers; some owned large plantations cultivated by means of slave labor. Also, a considerable number of white people, mostly of Scotch ancestry, had married into the tribe. Probably the Creeks were not so advanced as were the Cherokees, though