Cultural and Social Progress
IN OKLAHOMA, newspapers were established at an early date in both Indian and white communities. Some lived a few weeks, months, or a year or two, while a few others founded quite early have had continuous publication to the present. Settlers on the frontier read whatever they could get, whether it was an almanac, an old book, or a magazine passed from home to home; but best of all was a newspaper.
An entire volume, Oklahoma Imprints, 1835-1907, by Carolyn Thomas Foreman, lists, with a few brief statements on each, the newspapers printed in Indian Territory and Oklahoma before statehood. The earliest presses in Indian Territory were at the missions. From them came booklets, hymns, portions of the Bible, and other printed materials. Fortunately, some of these, printed more than a hundred years ago, are still to be found.
The first printing press in what is now Oklahoma was established at Union Mission in 1835 by Samuel Austin Worcester, who came to the West when the final Cherokee removal was evident. Worcester occupied this site a short time and then removed to Park Hill, where he had a greater field of service. He moved the press in 1837 after erecting his own residence and a press building.
The Cherokee Almanac was first printed at Union Mission in