This book is the outgrowth of a conference on the psychological and biological bases of behavior, held at the University of Chicago, in September of 1986. The major goal of the conference was to allow investigators in different areas of emotion to meet and exchange ideas with other scholars who were not directly in their own area of expertise. We wanted to integrate the biological consideration of emotion with current psychological approaches, and we wanted to include studies of the coping process associated with emotion as well as those that focus on the appraisal process that gives rise to emotion. Furthermore, we wanted to approach emotion from both developmental and psychopathological perspectives. Thus, the conference papers are organized around five major themes: (a) relationships between cognition and emotion, (b) biological approaches to emotion, (c) developmental perspectives on emotion, (d) coping and psychopathology, and (e) systems approaches to emotion.
The chapters in this section are primarily focused on describing the process of experiencing emotion from the appraisal process that occurs before emotion to the consequences that ensue once an emotion is experienced. Lazarus, Mandler, Stein, and Levine focus primarily on the process of experiencing an emotion. The thrust of these contributions is to describe the components of the different processes related to the experience of emotion, discuss how emotion is continually influenced by the cognitive evaluation of the eliciting event, and illustrate how emotional reactions influence subsequent action.
Lazarus focuses on three constructs of mind-motivation, emotion, and cogni-