Psychological and Biological Approaches to Emotion

By Nancy L. Stein; Bennett Leventhal et al. | Go to book overview

3
Making Sense Out of Emotion: The Representation and Use of Goal-structured Knowledge

Nancy L. Stein
Linda J. Levine
University of Chicago

This chapter focuses on the representation of emotional experience and the way in which emotion and thought are interrelated. We present a model that specifies the type of knowledge acquired about emotion, the way in which this knowledge is organized, and how it is used to regulate behavior. We describe the thinking that occurs during emotion episodes and the way in which thought and emotion influence each other. We also illustrate how emotional behavior is perceived and understood by both children and adults, and we show how differences in values and beliefs lead to variation in emotional responses. As such we address issues related to both learning and development.

Our model of emotion is based on a goal-directed, problem-solving approach to the study of personal and social behavior. We assume that much of behavior is carried out in the service of achieving and maintaining goal states that ensure survival and adaptation to the environment. A basic tenant underlying this belief ( Stein & Levine, 1987, in press) is that people prefer to be in certain states (i.e., pleasure) and prefer to avoid other states (i.e., pain). A second assumption is that when people experience unpleasant states, they attempt to regulate and change them. One way of achieving this change is to represent a state, called a goal. A goal state can then be used to initiate action or thinking that results in the desired internal state change.

A critical dimension in defining and describing emotional experience, therefore, focuses on the concept of change. Representing and evaluating change with respect to how valued goals have been affected is seen as a necessary prerequisite for experiencing and regulating emotion. As such, our theory is oriented toward a specification of the process by which changes in goal states are detected and

-45-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Psychological and Biological Approaches to Emotion
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 454

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.