of developing principles of normal psychological functioning, clinical psychologists rarely have pursued this line of inquiry. Clinical investigators typically conduct research on depression simply to understand this disorder. Such research also can illuminate the functions of pervasive optimistic biases in normal cognition. These biases may be highly robust and have adaptive and/or evolutionary significance (e.g., Abramson & Alloy, 1981; Alloy & Abramson, 1979; Freud, 1917/ 1957; Greenwald, 1980; Martin, Abramson, & Alloy, 1984; Tiger, 1979).
Preparation of this chapter was supported by a grant from the MacArthur Foundation, a Romnes Fellowship from the University of Wisconsin, and a grant from the University Research Institute at the University of Texas-Austin. We thank Tony Ahrens, Ben Dykman, Dan Romer, Rich Spritz, Carmelo Vasquez, and the members of our research groups for very helpful comments on previous versions of this article.
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