Italian painter, active in Florence. Although he was influenced by Giotto -- who was probably his teacher -- his work leans towards the charm of colour and delicacy of line of Sienese painting. An example is his Madonna and Child (Accademia, Florence).
He was one of the founders of the artists' Guild of St Luke in Florence in 1339. Frescoes of the lives of St Stephen and St Lawrence in the Church of Sta Croce, Florence, are attributed to him.
Spanish painter of Catalan origin. He was court painter to Alfonso V of Aragon. He assimilated the style of Netherlandish painting (visiting Bruges in 1431), being particularly influenced by Jan van Eyck. His single known work is the Virgin and the Councillors ( 1445, Museu d'Art Catalunya, Barcelona).
Although closely following Netherlandish style in symmetrical arrangement, architectural setting, and landscape distance, in portraiture and total effect this work has its own distinct Spanish character.
English composer. He was at the Chapel Royal 1413-31, and was canon of Windsor from 1431 until his death. Works of his are included in the Old Hall manuscript.
English poet. His works include the sonnet sequence Delia ( 1592) and several masques for the court ( 1604-14), such as The Vision of the Twelve Goddesses ( 1604), The Queen's Arcadia ( 1605), and Hymen's Triumph ( 1614).
Daniel went to Magdalen Hall, Oxford, in 1579, and then served as a tutor in several noble families. When Delia appeared in 1592 it was accompanied by a narrative poem, 'The Complaint of Rosamund'. Daniel's work also includes Senecan tragedies such as Cleopatra ( 1594) and Philotas ( 1605), a play about a favourite of Alexander the Great which, appearing to resemble too closely the circumstances of the fall of the Earl of Essex in 1601, got Daniel into some trouble at court; a number of masques and entertainments for King James I; treatises on poetry including A Defence of Ryme (against attempts to introduce Latin and Greek metres into English poetry); and the Civil Wars, an epic poem on English history. Ben Jonson cuttingly described him as 'a good honest Man ... but no poet'.
Italian painter and sculptor. His style notably transformed over the years from being influenced by his teacher Il Sodoma (in the fresco of Justice (c. 1530) in the Palazzo dei Priori, Volterra) and Baldassare Peruzzi (in frescoes in the villa of Cardinal Agostino Trivulzio, Rome), to one heavily endebted to Raphael and Michelangelo. This change was brought about by his long residence in Rome (from the mid-1530s) and is exemplified by his fresco of the Deposition from the Cross ( 1541) in the Orsini Chapel of Santa Trinità dei Monti.
Da Volterra also produced a bronze portrait bust of Michelangelo (c. 1564, Bargello, Florence, and Louvre, Paris). At the very end of his life he was employed by Pope Pius IV to paint over the genitalia that cropped up all too often in Michelangelo Last Judgement in the Sistine Chapel. Though he made as few changes as possible and died leaving the work unfinished, he gained the nickname 'Il Braghettone' ('the breeches-maker').
Florentine-born poet and politician, exiled in 1302, with a remarkable and powerful range of intellectual, philosophical, visionary, and political expression. His writings mapped autobiographical experience and local political agitation onto universal theological