English composer. He was apparently in the service of Lady Hatton in London early in the 17th century and from 1618 was organist of Lichfield Cathedral.
Evening Service, anthems; six books of madrigals (some with anthems) and a madrigal contributed to The Triumphes of Oriana; music for viols.
German composer. His works were chiefly choral pieces. As a Lutheran composer, Eccard made much use of the chorale melodies in his works. The collection of sacred pieces which he published in 1597 contains simple harmonizations, but in other volumes he developed the complex chorale motet, of which he was one of the major exponents.
He was a pupil of David Köler in the choir school attached to the Weimar court chapel, 1567-71, and then of Orlande de Lassus in the Hofkapelle at Munich. From the late 1570s he was in the service of Jacob Fugger at Augsburg, and in 1579 joined the Chapel of the Margrave of Brandenburg- Ansbach at Königsberg; he was assistant Kapellmeister there until 1604 when he succeeded to the senior post. In 1608 the new Elector Joachim Friedrich of Brandenburg in Berlin appointed Eccard Kapellmeister at his Berlin court, and Eccard continued to serve his successor, Johann Sigismund. His music was still printed 30 years after his death.
Motets, chorales (some harmonized, some newly composed by him); sacred songs; secular German songs for several voices, wedding songs, odes, festival songs.
German Catholic theologian and polemicist. He was an early and determined critic of Martin Luther, engaging in public disputations with Luther and other reformers. His attacks, including the claim that Luther was associated with Jan Huss, forced Luther to define his position concerning the authority of the Bible, the character of Christ's Church, and the papacy and church hierarchy.
Eck helped draw up the Confutatio declaring Emperor Charles V's total rejection of Protestant principles that was read at the Diet of Augsburg in 1530. He was one of the three Catholic advocates in the debates at the Colloquy of Regensburg in 1541. In 1537 he published his German translation of the New Testament.
Born in Egg, in Swabia, he was professor of theology 1510-43 and then chancellor at the university of Ingolstadt in Bavaria. His attack on the reformers was initially launched against Luther's supporter, Andreas Carlstadt (c. 1480-1541), which led to a formal disputation at Leipzig in June and July 1519.
King of England 1461-70 and from 1471. When his father Richard, Duke of York, died in battle in 1460, Edward became the Yorkist claimant to the throne (see Wars of the Roses); in four months he took London and was declared king. However, opposition from forces loyal to Henry VI continued until 1465. In 1470, with the support of the disaffected Earl of Warwick, Lancastrian forces invaded England, forcing Edward to flee to Burgundy. He returned the following year, defeated his enemies, and thus ended the wars (for the time being).
Politically, Edward (like Henry V) relied on a Burgundian alliance: his sister Margaret married Charles the Bold in 1468. Culturally, Edward emulated -- perhaps even surpassed -- the splendour of the Burgundian court. He collected manuscripts illuminated in the Burgundian style; his library may also have included some of William Caxton's printed books. His main patronage, however, was architectural: most notably, in the 1470s, he commissioned both the Great Hall of Eltham Palace in Kent and St