Due to the Weather: Ways the Elements Affect Our Lives

By Abraham Resnick | Go to book overview

17
TEMPERATURES (COLD)

A "cold temperature" is a very subjective term. It could mean the temperature felt by the human body, called the sensible temperature. It could infer the free air temperature of the atmosphere. Cold temperatures are in the main caused by one or more of the following climatic controls: (1) latitude, (2) site and situation, (3) land or water proximity, (4) seasonal and diurnal changes in relationship to the sun, (5) pressure belts, (6) air mass characteristics and movements, (7) ocean currents, (8) topography, (9) wind direction and velocity, (10) elevation, (11) humidity, or (12) radiation of sun and earth.

For people living in cold climates or for those experiencing a winter cold wave, there is frequently an attempt made to describe how cold they feel. Such expressions as "deep freeze," "numb with cold," "bone chilling," or "shivering cold" are cliches that are used to reinforce their comparisons, sometimes as a benevolent warning to friends and relatives to stay indoors during the subfreezing weather. The well-meaning intentions would probably go unheeded by people in places like Alaska, Canada, Scandinavia, or most certainly Siberia ("the refrigerator of the world"), where very severe cold temperatures last for months on end and are a condition they have become acclimated to.

Some of the lowest known temperatures in the world occur in Verkhoyansk in the Yakut region of Siberia. The average there is -58 degrees F in January, but an occasional "high" reading of -90 degrees F (in this case high means low) during that month would fail to startle the local weather observer. Oymyakon, Siberia, holds the record for being the coldest inhabited place in the world. The temperature reached -96 degrees F there in 1964. A temperature of -128 degrees F was recorded at research station Vostok, Antarctica, on July 21, 1983, a place too cold for human settlement. It is quite obvious that no matter where you live in Asia, north of 55 degrees latitude, it is impossible to escape the snow and cold of the infamous Siberian or Russian winter.

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Due to the Weather: Ways the Elements Affect Our Lives
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Introduction ix
  • Part I - Different Kinds of Weather Elements 1
  • 1 - Avalanches 3
  • 2 - Clouds 11
  • 3 - Droughts 17
  • 4 - Dust Storms 25
  • 5 - Floods 31
  • 6 - Fog 39
  • 7 - Hail 45
  • 8 - Humidity 51
  • 9 - Hurricanes/Typhoons 57
  • 10 - Ice 65
  • 11 - Lightning/Thunder 73
  • 12 - Monsoons 79
  • 13 - Mudslides 85
  • 14 - Rainfall 93
  • 15 - Snow 99
  • 16 - Sunshine 107
  • 17 - Temperatures (Cold) 113
  • 18 - Temperatures (Hot) 119
  • 19 - Tornadoes 125
  • 20 - Winds 133
  • Part II - How Weather Affects Us 141
  • 21 - Business 143
  • 22 - Clothing 149
  • 23 - Crime 153
  • 24 - Costums 159
  • 25 - Health 165
  • 26 - History 173
  • 27 - Migration 181
  • 28 - Shelter 187
  • 29 - Sports and Recreation 193
  • 30 - Transportation 203
  • Appendix - Directory of Web Site Contacts 211
  • Index 217
  • About the Author 221
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