The Sciences of Cognition: Theory and Research in Psychology and Artificial Intelligence

By Morton Wagman | Go to book overview

Subject Index
abstract rules in human reasoning, 13
analogical mapping, 107-16; ACME model of, 108-9; general logic of, 107-8
analogical thinking, 107-16; commentary on, 116; nature of, 107
artificial intelligence: foundational assumptions of, 22-41; foundational problems of, 22-41; and fuzzy logic, 143-44; and Godel, 9-10; and its objectives, 21; and logical implication, 9-10; and logicism, 20; and naive physics, 19-20
automatic processing, innate, 10-12
BACON.3: characteristics of, 117-18; commentary on, 125-26; discovery of Kepler's third law, 121-23; scientific discoveries of, 123-25
cognition: automatic, 41; strategic, 40; ultimate nature of, 18-19
cognitive psychology, 66-67; approaches of, 66-67; objectives of, 66; sources of, 66
computational theory, and intelligence, 8
computer programs, intelligence of, 5-6
digital computer, fundamental models of, 143
dynamic binding in reflexive reasoning, 16-18
EUREKA: focus of attention in, 98-105; general logic of, 89-90; initial physics knowledge, 90-91; memory network, 91-92; novice and expert protocols, 101-5; P-MOP in, 94-97; problem representation in, 92-94; problem solver, 91; textbook network in, 97- 98
experimental rediscovery of Kepler's third law, 126-34; behavior of subjects, 129-34; commentary on, 133-34; first experiment, 127-30; general logic of, 126; general results, 128-29; heuristics, 131-33; second experiment, 130-31
foundational assumptions of artificial intelligence: commentary on, 40-41; conclusions, 40; fifth assumption, 38-40; first assumption, 25-27; fourth assumption, 36-38; overview, 22-24; second assumption, 27-33; third assumption, 33-36

-165-

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The Sciences of Cognition: Theory and Research in Psychology and Artificial Intelligence
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Illustrations ix
  • Preface xi
  • Acknowledgments xiii
  • 1- The Nature of Intelligence And Intelligent Systems 1
  • 2- Reasoning 69
  • 3- Problem Solving 89
  • 4- Analogical Thinking 107
  • 5- Scientific Discovery 117
  • Appendix 141
  • Bibliography 145
  • Author Index 161
  • Subject Index 165
  • About the Author 169
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