A GUIDE TO SELECTED UTOPIAN FICTIONS
This very limited guide to selected utopian fictions is obviously not intended as a comprehensive survey. Rather, it is intended to provide a brief introduction to a representative sampling of some of the most important and influential texts in the genre. In particular, the texts described in this section are among those that have contributed most centrally to the establishment of the utopian traditions to which modern dystopian fictions have responded. Any number of more comprehensive studies and/or anthologies of utopian fiction are available, some of the most important and useful of which are those by Elliott, Kumar, Mannheim, Manuel, Manuel and Manuel, Morson (Boundaries), Mumford, Negley and Patrick, and Ruppert.
New Atlantis draws upon earlier utopian works by writers like Plato and More in important ways. However, Bacon's text represents an important departure from its predecessors in its increased emphasis on science, and New Atlantis (like Bacon's career as a whole) stands as an important marker of the rise of science as a discourse of authority in the seventeenth century. It also anticipates the emphasis on science and technology in later utopian fictions, as well as the concern with the potential negative effects of increasing reliance on technology that would become so central to modern dystopian fiction. On the other