WITH its thought-provoking Introduction, its excellent and careful study of a problem of universal interest, and with Appendices which include the admirable statements of Mr. James G. McDonald, former High Commissioner for Refugees Coming from Germany, the monograph, International Aspects of German Racial Policies, raises certain questions of the first importance in the field of international law. Before referring to these, however, it may be well to emphasize the once disputed but now admitted fact that there is an international law, a law between nations so generally recognized and accepted that it is applied not only by international tribunals but, on occasion, by national tribunals the world over. In its older terminology, the "law of nations," it is specifically mentioned in the Constitution of the United States, and it is referred to in the German Constitution of I9I9i. and in the constitutions of many other countries. It is cited, too, in innumerable documents, in the foreign offices of every nation. However, it is not necessary to labor the point, for the evidence is overwhelming that international law is a recognized and living law.
Now this law has to do with the rights and duties of states. But states are made up of human beings, of men, women and children; and the primary purpose of the state is to protect the fundamental human rights of its inhabitants. Therefore international law should, and indeed must, take cognizance of such rights. We in the United States are particularly fortunate in our familiarity with the rights in question, for they have entered into the very warp and woof of our national life. The signers of the Declaration of Independence, on the ever____________________
"Die allgemein anerkannten Regeln des Völkerrechts gelten als bindende Bestandteile des deutschen Reichsrechts."